Pablo Picasso was a famous Spanish painter, printmaker, sculptor, ceramicist, stage designer. He was also a poet, playwright, considered as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. Pablo Picasso is known for creating the Cubism movement, and Picasso is also the inventor of constructed sculpture. Picasso is famous for the wide variety of styles that he explored and developed during his artistic career.
Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain in 1881, October 25. Picasso's mother was Dona Maria Picasso y Lopez. His father, Don Jose Ruiz Blasco, was a painter, also an art teacher and curator of the local museum, and he was earning living painting birds and other animals. Picasso was raised as a Catholic, but then in his later life, Picasso claimed himself as an atheist. Pablo Picasso shewed special skills and passion for drawing from an early age. His first words were ''Piz', ''Piz'' a Spanish word for ''pencil''. Picasso's first teacher was his father, by the time Picasso was 13 years old he received regular artistic training in oil painting and figure drawing from his father.
In 1895 Picasso was traumatized by his seven years old sister’s death. The family moved to Barcelona.
In Barcelona, Picasso attended the school of Fine Arts. Picasso showed great success in the examination; the jury admitted him at just 13. As a student, Picasso had a lack of discipline; at that time, he made friendships that affected him in his later life. Picassos' father rented a room close to their home so that Picasso could work alone. Father was always judging him, and those two argued frequently.
In 1897 Picasso began studying in Madrid's Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. It was the top art academy in Spain. But soon after enrollment, Picasso stopped attending art classes, and he preferred to roam different art exhibits at the Prado, Picasso was studying artworks by El Greco, Fransico Goya, Zurbaran and Diego Velaquez. In 1899 Picasso came back to Barcelona; at that time, he was inspired by the anarchists and radicals he met there in Spain. During this period, Picasso painted portraits, his sister Lola's First Communion. Elements of symbolism and Picasso's interpretation of modernism became visible in his stylized landscapes.
In 1900, Picasso first went to the center European art scene in Paris. He made his first Parisian friend Max Jacob, a journalist and poet. Jacob helped Picasso to learn language and literature. They shared a department, and these were times of desperation and poverty. Picasso was sleeping within a day and only worked at night, and sometimes they were burning the artist's paintings to stay warm.
Picasso moved back to Madrid and lived there for five months of 1901. During that time, Picasso, with his anarchist friend Fransico de Asis Soler, founded the literary magazine called ''Young Art'' with articles and cartoons illustrated by Picasso. On 31 March 1901, Picasso published his first issue.
The young artist wanted to distinguish himself from others, and the developing artist started to sign his works ''Picasso''.