Pablo Picasso is one of the most talented artists from the 20thcentury. The total number of his artworks he produced estimates 50,000, including 1,885 paintings, 1,2298 sculptures, 2,880 ceramics, approximately 12,000 drawings, numerous tapestries, rugs, and thousands of prints. Artworks from his life seem to be the product of five or six great artists rather than just one.
The ''Blue Perio'' is a phrase used to characterize the works produced by Pablo Picasso between 1901 and 1904. During that period, Picasso created monochromatic paintings in shades of blue and blue-green, only sometimes warmed by other colors.
Pablo Picasso was inspired by Spain and these darkened paintings created in Barcelona and Paris. Those works are considered one of the most famous works from Spanish painters, but at that time, Picasso had found difficulty selling them.
Historians ascribe Picassos Blue Period to the Spanish artist's possible depression following a friend's suicide. Picasso sank into a harsh depression, and blue and dark colors began to dominate in his paintings.
Picasso’s most famous painting from the Blue Period includes ‘’The old Guitarist’’. ‘’Blue Nude’’ and ‘La Vie’’.
By 1905 Picasso overcame severe depression, and he started to paint with warm colors. The Period is named Rose Period after Picasso started using pink and other warm colors. Harlequins and clowns appear most frequently in his paintings from that period, and the harlequin, a comedic character, became a personal symbol of Picasso.
The Rose period had a significant impact on modern art. That period lasted from 1904 to 1906, at that time Picasso was madly in love with a beautiful model, Fernande Olivier, and she was one of the reasons why the Spanish painter changed his style of painting. Picasso's third-highest selling painting ''Boy with a pipe'' was created during the Rose Period.
Famous paintings from the Rose Period include ‘’Woman in a Chemise’’, ‘’The actor’’, ‘’Lady with a Fan’’, ‘’Two Youths’’, ‘’Boy with a dog’’, ‘’Harlequin family’’, ‘’The girl with a goat’’.
Pablo Picasso's African Period lasted from 1906 to 1909. Paintings created during that period of Spanish artists were influenced by African sculpture, especially the art of ancient Egypt, Iberian sculpture, traditional African masks. This period followed the Spanish painters ‘Blue Period and Rose Period, and also referred to Negro or black period. Picasso was inspired by the African mask owned by Henry Matisse, and during this period, his art reflected those influences.
Cubism is an early 20th-century art movement, which is considered the most influential movement for art history. The pioneers of the Cubism art movement were Pablo Picasso and his friend Georges Braque. Cubist paintings are characterized by broken objects, in an abstracted form, with geometric shapes.
Analytic Cubism lasted from1909 to 1912, developed by Picasso with George Braque.
They used monochrome brownish and inactive colors. Both artists had the same technique. That's why there are similarities in their paintings.
Picasso’s early Cubist artworks are famed as Analytic Cubism works include ‘’Girl with Mandolin’’, ‘’Three Woman’’, ‘’Bread and Fruit Dish on a Table’’.
The later works of Pablo Picasso are acclaimed as ''Synthetic Cubism''. The artist was creating collages out of a significant number of tiny fragments. That period lasted from 1912 to 1919. At that time, during the world war, Picasso's paintings became darker and somber; his life has changed dramatically. Picasso married Olga Khokhlova in 1918, but the marriage ended after several years when Picasso met 17 years old Marie-Therese Walter and began a secret affair with her. The paintings from that period include ‘’Card Player’’, ‘’Still life with Chair Caning’’ and ‘’Three musicians’’.
Neoclassicism and Surrealism
In the period following World, War Picasso started producing artworks in a Neoclassical style. During that period Picasso traveled in Italy, he saw collections of different sculptures from antiques, he visited the Vatican and also the archeological museum in Naples, he was impressed by the Roman paintings and mosaics in Pompeii. Picasso acquaintanced Renaissance art, Raphael, and Michelangelo.
In 1920 Picasso was influenced by Psychologist Sigmund Freud's writings and the intellectual literally, an artistic movement Surrealism. Surrealism aroused Picasso's attractions to eroticism and primitivism. The typical example is ''Three Dancers'' created in 1925.
Influence on art
Pablo Picasso, as one of the best post-impressionist painters in art history, had the most considerable impact on the course of 20th-century art. A Spanish painter used a variety of styles, and his significant improvement to modern art is freedom, which every aspect of his painting, sculpture, graphic work or ceramics is characterized. Picasso was one of the pioneers of Cubism. He followed his visions and made significant improvements. Pablo Picasso created numerous sculptures and paintings; that's why he is a legend and genius in modern art.
Pablo Picasso was the first artist who produced constructive sculptures.
Picasso used all kinds of materials: metal, bronze clay, pieces of wood, and papers.
He learned sculpture techniques from his friends such as Duriro de Madron, Basque artist Francisco "Paco." Picasso kept his sculptures as one of the best-kept sculptures, and only for the 85th birthday of the artist, a large selection of sculptures were selected and presented to the public for the first time. Today, the Museum of Modern art (MoMA) in New York exhibits the most popular and essential sculptures of Pablo Picasso.
There is still debate on how many sculptures Picasso produced. Picasso had a personal fondness for his sculptures. Picasso didn't agree to a full exhibition of his sculptures until 1966, and it was time when the public, for the first time, had a chance to see a range of his sculptures.